All you need to know about the Package Travel and Linked Travel Arrangements 2018

Changes to your package holidays rights

The new Package Travel and Linked Travel Arrangements 2018 have replaced and considerably modified the former 1992 Package Travel, Package Holidays and Package Tour Regulations 1992. The new regulations came into force on 01 July 2018. Holidays taken prior to this will be covered by the previous regulations.

What is a package holiday?

A package holiday is one that has at least two components, all as part of a ‘package’ for which you pay an inclusive price: transport (such as flights, transfers etc.) accommodation and/or another tourist service which makes up a significant proportion of the package. It must last more than 24 hours.

If you submitted one set of payment details with a total price and didn’t have to re-enter them and completed the transaction within 24 hours, this falls into the definition of a package.

The organiser (tour operator) is liable for the financial failures of hoteliers, suppliers and services within the terms of the contract.

What are Linked Travel Arrangements (LTA)

If you purchase a minimum of two different types of travel service from different providers this is not a package travel arrangement. However, if you buy two or more types of travel service together, put together by the travel organiser and you purchase both within a 24 hour period, this is a Linked Travel Arrangement.

For example, you buy a flight with a link to a hotel provided by a different company. If you buy an online flight and then have a link on the aircraft website to an accommodation website, where you purchase a hotel in a separate transaction.

The travel organiser must provide information to you in the same way as it does for a package. (See below).

An LTA does not give you the same protection that the package does. The organiser is not responsible for the service provided by the companies. However, it is responsible for providing financial protection for the refund when a travel service is not carried out due to insolvency. If it is responsible for the carriage of passengers – for example their airline flights – then it is also responsible for their repatriation.

Information that must be given to you about your holiday

The Organiser must clearly state the details of the booking in a Standard Information Form, before you make any payment. The travel organiser also has to provide you strict details of the contract laid out in the Schedules to the Regulations, to accompany the confirmation invoice. This should include specifics of any arrangements, dates, times, costs, meals, excursions included/excluded, activities, transportation, cancellation fees, contact details for the package organiser, information on compulsory/voluntary insurance regarding repatriation in the event of illness/death/accident, and/or the cost of termination of the contract by the traveller. Interestingly, it must also inform the traveller about visa and passport requirements. See Foreign Office in epic fail on passport validity information.

Your rights if the Organiser makes changes

The Regulations state that an organiser must inform the traveller clearly and without undue delay. The organiser must provide the traveller with the option to terminate the contract without paying a termination fee if:

  • it has no choice but to significantly alter the main characteristics of the package


  • cannot fulfil any special requirements of the traveller which the organiser has previously accepted (paragraph 1 of Schedule 5)


  • increases the price by more than 8%

You should be given a reasonable length of time to respond to the above. If you do not, the organiser must send you further communication with a deadline. If you still do not respond the organiser will terminate the contract and refund all payments within 14 days.

If the traveller chooses to terminate a package, your rights

At any time before your package starts, you can terminate the contract. However, you may have to pay the organiser an appropriate fee which they can justify. The fee will take into account costs that the organiser no longer has to pay to a third party. It should also take into account “alternative deployment” of travel services. This is where the organiser has been able to sell a part of the package to someone else. There may be cases where the organiser has not been able to do this and decisions would be made on case-by-case basis.

For example, it would be justifiable to not reimburse the price of an air travel ticket if the organiser cannot cancel or sell it on.

Reasonable termination fees based on the above and the length of time between cancellation and the start of the package must be specified in the contract.

If there are unavoidable and extraordinary circumstances at the destination (or in the immediate vicinity which would affect the travel to the destination) of your package travel contract, such as war, security risks etc. you can terminate the contract without paying a termination fee. You should be fully refunded within 14 days.

What you are entitled to if something goes wrong with your holiday

The consumer is entitled to redress for a variety of things dependent on what regulation has been broken and when.

Loss of value –  the difference between the cost paid for the holiday and the one received – e.g. the cost of a 4-star hotel which you paid for and the 2-star hotel to which you were moved.

Out-of-pocket expenses – incurred reasonable costs as a result of the breach of contract – e.g. having to pay for taxis when travel paid for was not provided.

Loss of enjoyment – compensation for the disappointment and distress caused by things going wrong – e.g. no children’s activities which were advertised.

Personal injury, compensation for any personal injury incurred abroad – e.g. medical bills, consequential loss etc, but specialist legal advice is thoroughly recommended for personal injury claims).

Package Travel and Linked Travel Arrangements 2018 on a sunsetFor more information, stories, laws and advice see All you need to know about booking/complaining about holidays/flights

book Logo cartoon cow at a laptop of book cover. How to Complain: The Essential Consumer Guide to Getting Refunds, Redress and Results!


and for lots more help, tips, guidance and templates All you need to know about booking/complaining about holidays/flights

Ryanair in fresh misleading information claims

Ryanair is continuing to misinform its passengers about their legal rights.

In continued problems for Ryanair, the airline announced that 150 out of the 400 flights scheduled to fly to and from Germany would be cancelled on 12 September 2018, due to a 24-hour strike by pilots and cabin crew.

Ryanair appears to be sticking to its position on not paying compensation to its beleagured passengers.  A spokesperson for the airline said “Ryanair complies fully with EU261 legislation, under which no compensation is payable to customers when the (strike) delay/cancellation is beyond the airline’s control. If these strikes, by a tiny minority of Ryanair pilots, were within Ryanair’s control, there would have been no strikes and no cancellations.”

Ryanair’s position runs contrary to a ruling by the European Court of Justice from April 2018. The case of Helga Krüsemann and Others v TUIfly GmbH  found that a strike by an airline company’s employees are not “extraordinary circumstances” for the purposes of compensation.

Ryanair aeroplanes on runway text Ryanair misinformation continues

Back in August I, spotted more irregularity regarding Ryanair and compensation. As a general rule of thumb, travellers are due EU compensation if a flight is cancelled or arrives more than 3 hours late. However… for flights up to 3,500km in length, there are varying amounts of compensation when travellers are bumped from a flight due to overbooking and are delayed by UPTO 3 hours. This is also the case for flights where travellers have been given fewer than 14 days’ notice of a cancellation.  (Travellers are not entitled to a full refund plus compensation, the compensation can only be claimed if you experienced the delay as part of your journey not sitting in your departure airport. If you didn’t travel, then you are not entitled to compensation.)

As of today (17 September 2018) the Ryanair EU Compensation claim form still provided the following misinformation:

“Delayed refers to flight delays over three hours. Claims will not be accepted for delays less than three hours”.

So, it appears that, in addition to Ryanair telling passengers they are not entitled to compensation due to pilot strikes, it is also denying them further rights for shorter journeys.

In August of this year I brought this to the attention of the CAA for action by the regulator. A spokesperson for the CAA said:

“We thank ‘The Complaining Cow website’ for highlighting this issue with Ryanair.  The UK Civil Aviation Authority will be asking the airline to review the way it displays information to ensure consumers are fully aware of their rights.”

As of 17 September 2018 the site still says 3 hours. Be wary of being denied their rights by airlines such as Ryanair. It really is about time the CAA took control of the situation with Ryanair. Last year it took enforcement action for persistently misleading passengers with inaccurate information about their rights in respect of cancellations. The same is happening again, and although the CAA has issued a statement saying that Ryanair should be paying compensation, it has so far fallen short of taking enforcement action.

For more information about the Ryanair story, how you CAN claim, what you should quote to increase your chances of being successful and the issues around further action and ADR, see Landing in court with Ryanair.

Look East interviews Ryanair CCO and Helen Dewdney